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General Geography Section 12

276. Winds blow:

(a) In regions of low pressure

(b) From a region of high pressure to a region of low pressure

(c) From a region of low pressure to region o high pressure

(d) In regions of high pressure


277. Doldrums are:

(a) High latitudes with heavy snow

(b) Equatorial zone with low pressure

(c) High pressure areas on mountains

d) Sub-polar zone with high pressure


278. Atmospheric pressure exerted on earth is due to:

(a) Gravitational pull of the earth

(b) Rotation of earth

(c) Revolution of earth

(d) Uneven heating of earth


279. The Sea breeze blows during:

(a) Day from land to sea

b) Day from sea to land

(c) Night from land to sea

(d) Right from sea to land


280. The Trade winds are caused by:

(a) Rotation of the earth

(b) Revolution of the earth

(c) Inflaming movement of air along the earth’s surface towards the equator

(d) None of these


281. Temperature generally decreases towards the poles because:

a) Air movement is generally towards the equator

(b) Cold polar air masses prevent surface heating of the land

(c) Cold surfaces do not absorb solar energy as readily as warm surfaces

(d) Progressively lesser solar energy per unit area falls on the earth’s surface as we move to Polar Regions.


282. The plane of contact of the troposphere and stratosphere is known as:

(a) Mesosphere

(b) Ionosphere

(c) Stratopause

(d) Tropopause


283. What causes snowfall?

(a) When condensation takes place below 0˚C and precipitation occurs in the form of flakes

(b) When rain freezes into snow flakes while passing through the atmosphere

(c) When condensation takes place in the form of fog and precipitation occurs as lakes

(d) When the air temperature is much lower than surface temperature


284. What is the correct sequence of the given clouds from low to high altitudes?

(a) Stratus, Cumulonimbus, Cirrostratus, Cirrus

(b) Stratus, Cirrostratus. Cumulonibus Cirrus

(c) Cumulonimbus, Stratus, Cirrus, Cirrostratus

(d) Cumulonimbus, Stratus, Cirrostratus, Cirrus


285. The portion of the atmosphere which extends from the earths surface up to 15 km and experiences decrease in temperature at constant rate is:

(a) Stratosphere

(b) Tropopause

(c) Troposphere

(d) Ionosphere


286. Atmospheric pressure depends on:

1. Altitude

2. Temperature

3. Earth rotation

4. Moons pull


(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


287. Which one of the following is not a form of precipitation?

(a) Fog

(b) Hail

(c) Snowfall

(d) Rainfall


288. Perspiration is maximum when temperature is:

(a) Low and air is dry

(b) Low and air is humid

(c) High and air is dry

(d) High and air is humid


289. In which type of rocks are coal and petroleum found?

(a) Granite

(b) Igneous

(c) Metamorphic

(d) Sedimentary


290. The removal of rock, layer by layer due to weathering is called:

(a) Block disintegration

(b) Dellation

(c) Exfohation

(d) Granular disintegration


291. Arrange the following soil particle by size in the oescending order:

1. Gravel

2. Clay

3. Silt

4. Sand


(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(b) 4, 2, 3 and 1

(c) 1, 4, 3 and 2

(d) 3, 4, 1 and 2


292. Japan experiences frequent earthquakes because it is located:

(a) On the eastern coast of Asia

(b) On the meeting point of two plates of the earth’s crust

(c) Amidst the ocean

(d) In the volcanic belt


293. The movement inside the Earths crust is studied by:

(a) Geodesy

(b) Geology

(c) Plate Tectonics

(d) Seismology


294. Which of the following are correctly matched?

1. Gneiss: Metamorphic

2. Granite: Igneous

3. Sandstone: Sedimentary


(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3


295. Sedimentary rocks are formed by the process of

(a) Metamorphism

(b) Weathering

(c) Deposition

(d) Both (b) and (c)


296. Choose the correct statement about Sedimentary rocks:

(a) These rocks cannot be formed under water

(b) These rocks re crystalline

(c) The structure of these rocks is contingent on heat and pressure

(d) These rocks have been deposited in layers


297. The igneous rocks are formed due to:

(a) Accumulation of sedments at the bottom of sea

(b) Granitisation

(c) Disintegration of magma

(d) Altering of metamorphic rocks


298. Which of the following is not a sedimentary rock?

(a) Limestone

(b) Marble

(c) Sandstone

(d) Shale


299. Which of the following rocks is transformed into marble?

(a) Granite

b) Limestone

(c) Peat

(d) Shale


300. The principal reason for the formation of metamorphic rocks is:

(a) Decomposition of sediments

(b) Deposition of remains of plants and animals

(c) Extreme heat and pressure

(d) Solidification of magma

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