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General Geography Section 1

1. One-hour difference n local time between two places is equivalent to a difference of

(a) 10˚ longitude

(b) 15˚ longitude

(c) 15˚ latitude

(d) 20˚ latitude


2. The local time at a place is 6 a.m. when the G.M.T. is 3 a.m. the longitude of that place is

(a) 45 degrees east

(b) 45 degrees west

(c) 120 degrees east

(d) 120 degrees west


3. Upto about 50 km from the surface of earth the atmosphere consists of approximately

(a) 78% oxygen and 21% nitrogen

(b) 21% oxygen and 78% nitrogen

(c) 68% oxygen and 32% nitrogen

(d) 33% oxygen and 66% oxygen


4. Name the instrument used for measuring humidity

(a) Barometer

(b) Thermometer

(c) Hygrometer

(d) Hydrometer


5. Most of the weather phenomena take place in which of the following layers of the atmosphere?

(a) Stratosphere

(b) Mesosphere

(c) Ionosphere

(d) Troposphere


6. That the earth is rotating on its axis is established by the fact that

(a) The moon and stars move in the sky

(b) The earth experiences day and night

(c) The planetary winds are blowing

(d) The time in different parts of the earth is not the same


7. Funnel shaped clouds with violent whirl winds are named as

(a) Tsunami

(b) Cirrus

(c) Tornado

(d) Stratus


8. The tropical cyclones often follow the direction of movement from

(a) South to north

(b) East to west

(c) West to east

(d) North to south


9. An upper wind system with very high velocities in the stratosphere is called

(a) A cyclone

(b) An anticyclone

(c) Monsoon

(d) Jot stream


10. The amount of water vapour (grams) in a given volume of air (cubic metre) is known as

(a) Specific humidity

(b) Relative humidity

(c) Vapour pressure

(d) Absolute humidity


11. Trade winds of the northern hemisphere blow from the north-east to south-west due to:

(a) Coriolis force

(b) Gravitational force

(c) Centripetal force

(d) None of these


12. Which courtly is known as Thunderbolt of Asia?

(a) Bhutan

(b) Mongolia

(c) China

(d) None of the above


13. One of the country through which equator passes is?

(a) Malaysia

(b) China

(c) Malta

(d) Pakistan


14. The depletion of ozone layer has been caused mainly by

(a) the deforestation of large area of land

(b) the release of chloro fluoro carbons into the atmosphere

(c) changes in asteroid activity in the solar system

(d) the release of Industrial waste


15. Which layer of atmosphere provides ideal conditions for flying aeroplanes?

(a) Troposphere

(b) Stratosphere

(c) Ionosphere

(d) Exosphere


16. Through which one of the following countries the equator does not pass?

(a) Tanzania

(b) Kenya

(c) Zaire

(d) Uganda


17. A line on a map joining places of equal monthly or yearly rainfall is called

(a) Isobar

(b) Isohyet

(c) Isotherm

(d) Isoneph


18 The Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. Its speed

(a) Is greatest when it is farthest from the Sun

(b) Is greatest when it is closest to the Sun

(c) Remains the same at all points on the orbit

(d) Goes on decreasing continuously


19. The origin of earth dates back to approximately

(a) 3.6 billion years

(b) 46 billion years

(c) 5.6 billion years

(d) 6.6 billion years


20. The term ‘Ecliptic’ is used for the

(a) Sun when eclipsed

(b) Moon when eclipsed

(c) Suns path in the sky during a year

(d) Path of Earth around the Sun


21. The Sun always rises in the East because

(a) It is located in East

(b) The earth rotates from East to West

(c) The earth rotates from West to East

(d) The earth revolves around the Sun from West to East


22. A ship sailing from Vancouver to Tokyo crosses the International Date Line on Wednesday, the 8th of November. What will be the next day?

(a) Sixth of November

(b) Seventh of November

(c) Ninth of November

(d) Tenth of November


23 Spring tide occurs when the

(a) Earth, Moon and the Sun are in a straight line

(b) Sun, Earth and the Moon are at right angles to each other

(c) Earth comes near the Sun

(d) Earth is away from the Sun


24. Which of the following words explains a narrow strip of lard separating two seas and connecting two landmarks?

(a) Isthmus

(b) Strait

(c) Bay

(d) Peninsula


25. Presence of which gas in the outer most layer of the atmosphere does not allow ultraviolet rays of the sunlight to reach Earth?

(a) Helium

(b) Ozone

(c) Oxygen

(d) Chlorine



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